If you've recently been drawn to the possibility of paragliding, it's normal that you are wondering how does de paragliders work and why paragliders fly. By knowing the answer to these questions, you may feel safer when you practice this activity.
What is paragliding?
The paraglider is the name given to flexible and lightweight gliders. That is, paragliders are considered gliders because of the way they manage to stay in the air, as they do not use any engines.
The paragliders are made of ropes and fabric, without having a rigid structure more than the part where the pilot goes.
How does a paraglider fly?
Given the above information, many people believe that paragliders do not fly and that they only serve to get down, something similar to what happens with a parachute.
However, you should keep in mind that paragliders do fly the same way gliders do. This is because paragliders have the aerodynamic ability to plan. They fly because they have the same aerodynamics as airplanes, with a displacement in the air that manages to create the so-called "relative wind", which is responsible for generating the forces that make it possible to sustain the flight.
That is, paragliders are driven by gravity and their wings has a shape designed to plan without motor. In addition, the wing is also responsible for taking full advantage of aerodynamic forces, as well as thermal ancestry and wind force for keeping in the air.
To all of the above you can add the fact that the paragliders are ultralight weighing less than the pilot, so it can take off and land standing very easily. Even without the need for large wind currents.
The paragliding does not use any mechanism beyond the pilot's legs to be able to take off and land, this being one of the main reasons why it is very easy to use. It does not require an external force or impulse to be able to fly.
How does paragliding works?
We've already talked about the forces and factors to consider knowing how a paraglider fly. However, there are still some aspects to review so that you have no doubt about how a paraglider works.
As we have stated, one of the biggest advantages of paragliding is that they are very simple: they do not use an engine to fly and instead make the most of their aerodynamic capacity. They are driven by the strength of the weight along with the design of their wing, allowing you to plan without the need to have any impulse.
Wind force, thermal ancestry and aerodynamics are used to help the paraglider plan. The use of these three forces is what makes it possible for us to paraglide so easily.
Thermal ancestry is the phenomenon that allows the paragliding to gain height and can stay in the air. So, we can say that it is a fundamental force to be able to plan comfortably.
This also means that the duration of the paragliding flight is directly related to weather conditions, so this must be taken into account before embarking on the flight.
To have the best possible experience it is very important that the weather conditions are adequate. This means that it is not recommended to fly when it is snowing, raining or hating.
Depending on the weather, the flight can last between 10 minutes and many hours, although experts recommend that the flight session not last more than 30 minutes if you fly in tandem for the first time.
Another great advantage is the flexibility of gliders. Because they are made of materials and fabrics that do not have a large rigid structure, these are really flexible. This means that they can be stored very easily even inside a backpack, so you can be sure that transporting and storing a paragliding is a simple thing.
Now you know what paragliders are, why they fly and how they work, so you should be much clearer if it's an activity you want to experience. There are many schools where you can start learning from the basics in the company of an expert teacher, so the classes are very safe and so you can gain ease with each session.