On this occasion and taking advantage of the upcoming dates we will talk a little about the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
The Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is considered the second best carnival in the world, behind Rio de Janeiro, reaching thousands of people who paint their faces every year, fill their hair with glitter, put on their best costume and fill the streets for over a week to enjoy one of the best parties of the year.
On January 18, 1980, it was declared a Festival of International Tourist Interest by the Secretary of State for Tourism, being the only Canarian festivity that has such a title.
Origin and History:
It is difficult to date exactly the beginning of the carnival, although in 1605 Gaspar Luis Hidalgo, spoke of the custom of changing sex using costumes.
In 1778 in the newspaper of Lope Antonio de La Guerra y Peña he mentioned the “Coparsas” groupds of people who dressed up and danced.
In 1891, a “Rondalla”, typical Canarian music gruop, appears for the first time as a Carnival group of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
"The Winter Festivities" appeared in 1923, during the Dictatorships of Miguel Primo de Rivera and General Franco, thus being called to avoid its prohibition as it had happened in other provinces.
In 1954, the first “Murga”, group of singers, initially called “Los Bigotudos”, now known as Afilarmónica NiFú-NiFá, appears.
In 1976, with the death of the General Dictator Francisco Franco, the “Winter Festivities” were finished for Los Carnavales de Santa Cruz de Tenerife to return, but only the name since the Fiesta was never ceased to be celebrated.
In 1962, the Carnival Poster was made for the first time. From this year renowned artists such as César Manrique or Pedro González each year design the Carnival poster.
In 2009, a contest call for the design of the Carnival poster is held for the first time, and anyone who wishes to participate can participate.
1987 would be the first year in which the carnival was "themed" with the theme "ROME". That same year the Celia Cruz concert was recorded in the Guinnes Wold Records book with the Billo's Caracas Boys orchestra, which was attended by 250,000 people, as the largest congregation of people in an open-air square to attend a concert, being surpassed in the year 2019 with the concert of Juan Luis Guerra attending more than 400,000 people according to official police data.
Today, tickets for contests such as “La Final de Murgas” and “La Elección de la Reina del Canaval” are sold in 15 to 60 minutes , with a capacity of 20,000 people.
In the year 2000, the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife became the World Capital of Carnival at the headquarters of the XX Convention of the Federation of European Carnival Cities (FECC).
At present, the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Teneife can become an Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO. In case the candidacy comes to a good end, it would be the sixth carnival in the world and the first in Spain to have this recognition.